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What States Border Canada?


What States Border Canada?

If you’re planning a trip to Canada or just curious about the geography of North America, you might be wondering what states border Canada.

Born and raised in Canada, our family has travelled pretty much coast to coast. So we are in a good position to talk about how many of the states share a border with Canada.

The US-Canada border is the longest undefended international boundary in the world. Spanning over 8,891 kilometres (5,500 miles), the border crosses through a diverse range of landscapes and communities.

Given its size, you just know that there will be more than just a couple of US states that share a border with Canada.

This blog post will not only talk about which states border Canada, but will also provide you with invaluable information about border crossing points.

How Many States Border Canada?

There are 13 US states that share a border with Canada.

12 of these states run along the 49th parallel from the Pacific Northwest all the way to the Northeast. The thirteenth state, Alsaka, is located further north and shares a border with Yukon and British Columbia.

Canada-US-and-Canada-flags

What US States Border Canada?

The 13 states that share a border with Canada include Alaska, Washington, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, Minnesota, Michigan, Ohio, New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine, and Pennsylvania.

What Separates the US from Canada?

The US and Canada are separated by a border that runs over 8,891 kilometres (5,500 miles), making it the longest international boundary in the world. The border mostly follows natural features such as rivers, lakes, and mountains.

The exact location of the border varies depending on the terrain and historical factors. But in general, it follows the 49th parallel of latitude in the western half of the continent and the St. Lawrence River and the Great Lakes in the east.

How Long is the Border Between the US and Canada?

As we mentioned, the border between the US and Canada is the longest international border in the world, spanning over 8,891 kilometres (5,500 miles).

It runs from the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic Ocean, separating the contiguous United States from Canada and crosses a diverse range of landscapes and communities.

The border is an important part of the relationship between the two countries. It is also necessary for facilitating trade, tourism, and other cultural exchanges, while also serving as a symbol of friendship and cooperation between the US and Canada.

Niagara-Falls-Vibrant-aerial-views-of-niagara-area

How Many Border Checkpoints are Between the US and Canada?

There are 120 border crossings or ports of entry between the US and Canada, including land, sea, and air crossings.

These checkpoints are staffed by border officials from both countries who work together to ensure the smooth and secure movement of people and goods across the border.

The number and types of checkpoints can vary by location and transportation mode, with some crossings open 24 hours a day while others have limited hours or seasonal closures.

Canada-Border

Are There Any Border Checkpoints That Only Allow One-Way Traffic Between the US and Canada?

As we mentioned, there are 120 land ports of entry between the US and Canada. Most of the land border crossings run both ways between the two countries, however, there are a couple of exceptions.

There are only two, legal one-way crossings between the United States and CanadaChurubusco, New York provides a port of entry into the United States from Ontario only. There is no access from the United States to Canada at this location.

The second legal one-way crossing goes into Canada from Fort Fairfield, Maine. This crossing takes travellers to Four Falls, New Brunswick, but does not allow visitors from Canada to enter the United States from this location.

States-That-Border-Canada-land-border-crossing

What are the US-Canada Border Crossing Locations?

There are 120 US-Canada border crossing locations, including land, sea, and air ports of entry. Here are some of the most commonly used border crossings:

  • Peace Arch (British Columbia/Washington)
  • Point Roberts (British Columbia/Washington)
  • Pacific Highway (British Columbia/Washington)
  • Sumas (British Columbia/Washington)
  • Sweetgrass (Montana/Alberta)
  • Port Huron (Michigan/Ontario)
  • Sault Ste. Marie (Michigan/Ontario)
  • Detroit-Windsor Tunnel (Michigan/Ontario)
  • Niagara Falls (New York/Ontario)
  • Buffalo (New York/Ontario)
  • Champlain (New York/Quebec)
  • Derby Line (Vermont/Quebec)

As we mentioned, these are just a few examples of the many border crossings available between the US and Canada.

The exact crossing location you choose will depend on your starting point, destination, and mode of transportation, as well as the time of day and any specific requirements or restrictions that may apply.

States-That-Border-Canada-road-sign-pointing-to-the-border

What State Borders Canada the Most?

The state that shares the longest border with Canada is Alaska.

Alaska shares a boundary of over 2,400 kilometres (1,500 miles) with Canada’s Yukon and British Columbia provinces/territories.

The border between Alaska and Canada was established in 1903 by an international tribunal and runs along the 141st meridian west from the Arctic Ocean to the Gulf of Alaska.

The rugged and remote terrain of this region is home to a diverse range of wildlife and natural resources and is a popular destination for outdoor enthusiasts and adventurers.

Which US state Has the Shortest Land Border with Canada?

The US state that has the shortest land border with Canada is the state of Vermont.

Vermont shares a border of approximately 145 kilometres (90 miles) with the Canadian province of Quebec.

The border between Vermont and Quebec is mostly rural and sparsely populated, running through forests, fields, and small towns.

States-That-Border-Canada-New-York

Does New York Border Canada?

Yes, New York is one of the 13 US states that shares a border with Canada.

Specifically, New York shares a border of approximately 507 kilometres (315 miles) with the Canadian province of Ontario, making it one of the most populous and economically significant border regions between the US and Canada.

The New York-Ontario border includes several major crossings such as the Niagara Falls Bridge, the Peace Bridge, and the Thousand Islands Bridge, as well as smaller crossings that serve local communities and businesses.

Does Pennsylvania Border Canada?

No, Pennsylvania does not share a border with Canada.

Pennsylvania is located in the eastern United States, south of Lake Erie and New York, and is entirely surrounded by other US states.

The closest US state to Canada from Pennsylvania is New York.

However, Pennsylvania does have a northern border with Lake Erie, which is connected to the Canadian province of Ontario, making it an important gateway for trade and tourism between the US and Canada.

States-That-Border-Canada-Welcome-to-Pennsylvania-sign

Does Ohio Border Canada?

No, Ohio does not share a border with Canada.

Ohio is located south of the Great Lakes and is entirely surrounded by other US states, including Michigan to the north, Pennsylvania to the east, West Virginia to the southeast, Kentucky to the southwest, and Indiana to the west.

The closest US state to Canada from Ohio is Michigan.

Does Michigan Border Canada?

Yes, Michigan is one of the 13 US states that shares a border with Canada.

Specifically, Michigan shares a border of approximately 1,161 kilometres (721 miles) with Canada’s Ontario and Quebec provinces, making it one of the busiest and most economically significant border regions between the US and Canada.

The Michigan-Ontario border includes several major crossings such as the Ambassador Bridge, the Blue Water Bridge, and the Detroit-Windsor Tunnel, as well as smaller crossings that serve local communities and businesses.

States-That-Border-Canada-Windsor-Michigan

What is the Closest State to Alberta?

The US state closest to Alberta is Montana.

Montana shares a border of approximately 877 kilometres (545 miles) with Alberta, which is the province of Canada located directly north of Montana.

The Montana-Alberta border includes several major crossings such as the Sweetgrass-Coutts Border Crossing and the Del Bonita Border Crossing, as well as smaller crossings that serve local communities and businesses.

Is it Easy to Cross the Canadian Border?

The ease of crossing the Canadian border depends on a variety of factors such as your citizenship, the purpose of your trip, and whether you have the required documentation.

Generally speaking, for US citizens and permanent residents, crossing the Canadian border is relatively easy, especially for short-term trips such as tourism or business.

However, there are still rules and regulations that must be followed, such as providing a valid passport or other acceptable identification documents, declaring any goods being brought into Canada, and complying with any quarantine or health requirements.

US-Passport

For non-US citizens, the process of crossing the Canadian border can be more complicated and may require a visa or other permits, depending on the individual’s country of citizenship and the purpose of their trip.

It is always a good idea to research and prepare ahead of time to ensure that you have the required documentation and meet the entry requirements for your particular situation.

What is the Busiest US-Canada Border?

The busiest US-Canada border crossing is the Detroit-Windsor border crossing, which connects Detroit, Michigan in the United States and Windsor, Ontario in Canada.

It is the busiest commercial land border crossing in North America, handling millions of passengers, trucks, and cars each year.

The crossing includes the Ambassador Bridge, which is the busiest international border crossing in North America in terms of trade volume.

States-That-Border-Canada-Ambassador-Bridge-sign

How Much Does it Cost to Cross the U.S. Border with Canada?

There is no cost to cross the US-Canada border, as it is a free and open border.

That being said, many land borders will charge a toll fee for crossing from one country into the other (in either direction). This usually applies to bridges and major crossing points.

For example, the toll at the Ambassador Bridge at the Detroit-Windsor border is about $9.25 Canadian.

Additionally, depending on the purpose of your trip and the items you are bringing with you, there may be fees or charges associated with crossing the border.

For example, if you are importing goods into Canada or the US, you may be required to pay duty fees, taxes, or other charges depending on the value and nature of the items.

Canadian-Money

How Long Does it Take to Cross the U.S. Border by Car to Canada?

The time it takes to cross the US-Canada border by car can vary depending on various factors such as the time of day, the season, the traffic volume, and the border crossing location.

Generally speaking, during peak travel times and holidays, the wait times at the border can be longer, while during off-peak times, the wait times may be shorter.

As a rough estimate, the average wait time at a US-Canada border crossing for passenger vehicles is around 15-30 minutes, although it can be longer during peak travel periods or if there is increased border security.

Some of the busiest border crossings such as the Detroit-Windsor border crossing or the Peace Bridge between Buffalo, New York and Fort Erie, Ontario may have longer wait times.

To reduce wait times and avoid delays, it is recommended to plan ahead and check the current wait times at the border before travelling.

Some border crossings have live traffic updates available on their websites, or you can check with the Canada Border Services Agency or the US Customs and Border Protection for the latest information.

States-That-Border-Canada-Ambassador-Bridge

What States Border Canada – Final Thoughts

So there you have it – a rundown of what states border Canada! From Maine in the east to Alaska in the west, these states share a unique relationship with Canada and play a crucial role in the social, cultural, and economic ties between the two countries.

Whether you’re a traveller looking to explore the natural beauty of the region, a business owner looking to tap into new markets, or simply curious about the US-Canada border, understanding the geography of these states is an essential piece of the puzzle.

So go ahead and plan your next road trip or cross-border adventure and enjoy all that these states and Canada have to offer!

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